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Title Identifying the culprit : assessing eyewitness identification / Committee on Scientific Approaches to Understanding and Maximizing the Validity and Reliability of Eyewitness Identification in Law Enforcement and the Courts ; Committee on Science, Technology, and Law ; Policy and Global Affairs ; Committee on Law and Justice ; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education ; National Research Council of the National Academies.

Publication Info. Washington, D.C. : The National Academies Press, [2014]


Location Call No. Status
 Rocky Hill - Downloadable Materials  EBSCO Ebook    Downloadable
Rocky Hill cardholders click here to access this title from EBSCO
Description 1 online resource (xvi, 154 pages) : illustrations, charts
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references.
Contents Eyewitness Identification Procedures -- The Legal Framework for Assessment of Eyewitness Identification Evidence -- Basic Research on Vision and Memory -- Applied Eyewitness Identification Research -- Findings and Recommendations -- Appendix A: Biographical Information of Committee and Staff -- Appendix B: Committee Meeting Agendas -- Appendix C: Consideration of Uncertainty in Data on the Confidence-Accuracy Relationship and the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) Curve.
Summary "Eyewitnesses play an important role in criminal cases when they can identify culprits. Estimates suggest that tens of thousands of eyewitnesses make identifications in criminal investigations each year. Research on factors that affect the accuracy of eyewitness identification procedures has given us an increasingly clear picture of how identifications are made, and more importantly, an improved understanding of the principled limits on vision and memory that can lead to failure of identification. Factors such as viewing conditions, duress, elevated emotions, and biases influence the visual perception experience. Perceptual experiences are stored by a system of memory that is highly malleable and continuously evolving, neither retaining nor divulging content in an informational vacuum. As such, the fidelity of our memories to actual events may be compromised by many factors at all stages of processing, from encoding to storage and retrieval. Unknown to the individual, memories are forgotten, reconstructed, updated, and distorted. Complicating the process further, policies governing law enforcement procedures for conducting and recording identifications are not standard, and policies and practices to address the issue of misidentification vary widely. These limitations can produce mistaken identifications with significant consequences. What can we do to make certain that eyewitness identification convicts the guilty and exonerates the innocent? Identifying the Culprit makes the case that better data collection and research on eyewitness identification, new law enforcement training protocols, standardized procedures for administering line-ups, and improvements in the handling of eyewitness identification in court can increase the chances that accurate identifications are made. This report explains the science that has emerged during the past 30 years on eyewitness identifications and identifies best practices in eyewitness procedures for the law enforcement community and in the presentation of eyewitness evidence in the courtroom. In order to continue the advancement of eyewitness identification research, the report recommends a focused research agenda. Identifying the Culprit will be an essential resource to assist the law enforcement and legal communities as they seek to understand the value and the limitations of eyewitness identification and make improvements to procedures."--Publisher's description.
Note Online resource; title from PDF cover (ebrary, viewed February 13, 2015).
Subject Forensic psychology -- United States.
Eyewitness identification -- Psychological aspects.
Eyewitness identification -- United States.
LAW -- Civil Procedure.
LAW -- Legal Services.
POLITICAL SCIENCE -- Government -- Judicial Branch.
Eyewitness identification. (OCoLC)fst00919273
Eyewitness identification -- Psychological aspects. (OCoLC)fst00919274
Forensic psychology. (OCoLC)fst00932009
United States. (OCoLC)fst01204155
Added Author National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Scientific Approaches to Understanding and Maximizing the Validity and Reliability of Eyewitness Identification in Law Enforcement and the Courts.
National Research Council (U.S.). Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education.
National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Science, Technology, and Law.
National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on Law and Justice.
Other Form: Print version: Identifying the culprit : assessing eyewitness identification. Washington, District of Columbia : The National Academies Press, ©2014 xvi, 154 pages 9780309314114
ISBN 9780309310604 (electronic bk.)
0309310601 (electronic bk.)
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