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Iddm -- See Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1


A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
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Ideational Apraxia -- See Apraxias


A group of cognitive disorders characterized by the inability to perform previously learned skills that cannot be attributed to deficits of motor or sensory function. The two major subtypes of this condition are ideomotor (see APRAXIA, IDEOMOTOR) and ideational apraxia, which refers to loss of the ability to mentally formulate the processes involved with performing an action. For example, dressing apraxia may result from an inability to mentally formulate the act of placing clothes on the body. Apraxias are generally associated with lesions of the dominant PARIETAL LOBE and supramarginal gyrus. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp56-7)
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Identification Psychological   30
Identification Psychological Congresses   2
Identification Psychological Essays : Smith-Rosenberg, Carroll.  1985 1
Identification Psychological Handbook   2011 1
Identification Psychological History   1984 1
Identification Psychological United States   2
 

Identification Psychology -- See Identification, Psychological


A process by which an individual unconsciously endeavors to pattern himself after another. This process is also important in the development of the personality, particularly the superego or conscience, which is modeled largely on the behavior of adult significant others.
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Identification Social -- See Social Identification


The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
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Idiocy -- See Intellectual Disability


Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
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Idiopathic Environmental Intolerances -- See Multiple Chemical Sensitivity


An acquired disorder characterized by recurrent symptoms, referable to multiple organ systems, occurring in response to demonstrable exposure to many chemically unrelated compounds at doses below those established in the general population to cause harmful effects. (Cullen MR. The worker with multiple chemical sensitivities: an overview. Occup Med 1987;2(4):655-61)
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Idiopathic Parkinson Disease -- See Parkinson Disease


A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)
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Idiopathic Torsion Dystonia -- See Dystonia Musculorum Deformans


A condition characterized by focal DYSTONIA that progresses to involuntary spasmodic contractions of the muscles of the legs, trunk, arms, and face. The hands are often spared, however, sustained axial and limb contractions may lead to a state where the body is grossly contorted. Onset is usually in the first or second decade. Familial patterns of inheritance, primarily autosomal dominant with incomplete penetrance, have been identified. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1078)
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Ierousalem -- See Jerusalem


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Ierusalim -- See Jerusalem


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Ifederi -- See Ethiopia


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Ige Mediated Hypersensitivity -- See Hypersensitivity, Immediate


Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.
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Igihugu Cyububirigi -- See Belgium


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Igirisu -- See Great Britain


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Iguanas   2004 1
Iguanas Handbooks : Bartlett, Patricia,  2009 1
Iguanas Popular Works : Bartlett, Patricia,  2009 1
 

Ihederi -- See Ethiopia


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Ileal Conduit -- See Urinary Diversion


Temporary or permanent diversion of the flow of urine through the ureter away from the URINARY BLADDER in the presence of a bladder disease or after cystectomy. There is a variety of techniques: direct anastomosis of ureter and bowel, cutaneous ureterostomy, ileal, jejunal or colon conduit, ureterosigmoidostomy, etc. (From Campbell's Urology, 6th ed, p2654)
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Ileitis Regional -- See Crohn Disease


A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.
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Ileitis Terminal -- See Crohn Disease


A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.
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Ileocolitis -- See Crohn Disease


A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.
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Ileojejunal Bypass -- See Jejunoileal Bypass


A procedure consisting of the SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS of the proximal part of the JEJUNUM to the distal portion of the ILEUM, so as to bypass the nutrient-absorptive segment of the SMALL INTESTINE. Due to the severe malnutrition and life-threatening metabolic complications, this method is no longer used to treat MORBID OBESITY.
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Ileostomy Popular Works : Mullen, Barbara Dorr.  2008 1
 

Ileum -- See Also Ileostomy


Surgical creation of an external opening into the ILEUM for fecal diversion or drainage. This replacement for the RECTUM is usually created in patients with severe INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASES. Loop (continent) or tube (incontinent) procedures are most often employed.
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Iliad Homer   2
Ill Housed Persons   6
Ill Housed Persons Psychology   2
Ill Housed Persons Psychology United States : Schutt, Russell K.  2011 1
Ill Housed Persons United States   3
 

Illegal Drug -- See Illicit Drugs


Drugs that are manufactured, obtained, or sold illegally. They include prescription drugs obtained or sold without prescription and non-prescription drugs. Illicit drugs are widely distributed, tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.
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Illegal Drugs -- See Illicit Drugs


Drugs that are manufactured, obtained, or sold illegally. They include prescription drugs obtained or sold without prescription and non-prescription drugs. Illicit drugs are widely distributed, tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.
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Illegitimacy   2
Illegitimacy History   1980 1
 

Illex -- See Decapodiformes


A superorder of CEPHALOPODS comprised of squid, cuttlefish, and their relatives. Their distinguishing feature is the modification of their fourth pair of arms into tentacles, resulting in 10 limbs.
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Illicit Drug -- See Illicit Drugs


Drugs that are manufactured, obtained, or sold illegally. They include prescription drugs obtained or sold without prescription and non-prescription drugs. Illicit drugs are widely distributed, tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.
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Illicit Drug Testing -- See Substance Abuse Detection


Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.
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  Illicit Drugs -- 2 Related Mesh Subjects   2
Illicit Drugs   4
Illicit Drugs Adverse Effects   2
Illicit Drugs Adverse Effects Popular Works : Cermak, Timmen L.  2003 1
Illicit Drugs Adverse Effects United States : Goode, Erich.  2008 1
Illicit Drugs Legislation And Jurisprudence   2
Illicit Drugs New York State New York : Bourgois, Philippe I.,  2003 1
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