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Bariatric Surgery   2
Bariatric Surgery Popular Works   2
 

Bariatrics -- See Also Obesity


A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the recommended standards, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
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Barriers Architectural -- See Architectural Accessibility


Designs for approaching areas inside or outside facilities.
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Bartolo Pietro 1956 : Bartolo, Pietro,  2018 1
Barton Clara 1821 1912   4
 

Baryons -- See Elementary Particles


Individual components of atoms, usually subatomic; subnuclear particles are usually detected only when the atomic nucleus decays and then only transiently, as most of them are unstable, often yielding pure energy without substance, i.e., radiation.
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Basal Ganglia : Soghomonian, Jean-Jacques,  2016 1
 

Basal Nuclei -- See Basal Ganglia


Large subcortical nuclear masses derived from the telencephalon and located in the basal regions of the cerebral hemispheres.
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Baseball Players United States Biography Juvenile Literature   4
Baseball United States Coaches Biography Juvenile Literature : Appel, Martin.  1992 1
 

Basedows Disease -- See Graves Disease


A common form of hyperthyroidism with a diffuse hyperplastic GOITER. It is an autoimmune disorder that produces antibodies against the THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE RECEPTOR. These autoantibodies activate the TSH receptor, thereby stimulating the THYROID GLAND and hypersecretion of THYROID HORMONES. These autoantibodies can also affect the eyes (GRAVES OPHTHALMOPATHY) and the skin (Graves dermopathy).
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Bashfulness : Markway, Barbara G.  2001 1
 

Basic Cardiac Life Support -- See Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation


The artificial substitution of heart and lung action as indicated for HEART ARREST resulting from electric shock, DROWNING, respiratory arrest, or other causes. The two major components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are artificial ventilation (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) and closed-chest CARDIAC MASSAGE.
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Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor -- See Fibroblast Growth Factor 2


A single-chain polypeptide growth factor that plays a significant role in the process of WOUND HEALING and is a potent inducer of PHYSIOLOGIC ANGIOGENESIS. Several different forms of the human protein exist ranging from 18-24 kDa in size due to the use of alternative start sites within the fgf-2 gene. It has a 55 percent amino acid residue identity to FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 1 and has potent heparin-binding activity. The growth factor is an extremely potent inducer of DNA synthesis in a variety of cell types from mesoderm and neuroectoderm lineages. It was originally named basic fibroblast growth factor based upon its chemical properties and to distinguish it from acidic fibroblast growth factor (FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR 1).
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Basidiomycetes -- See Basidiomycota


A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.
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Basilar Artery Aneurysm -- See Intracranial Aneurysm


Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)
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Basketball Vanderbilt University History : Maraniss, Andrew,  2017 1
Basquiat Jean Michel : Angelou, Maya.  1993 1
Bathing : Twigg, Julia.  2000 1
Baths : Twigg, Julia.  2000 1
Baths History : Ward, W. Peter,  2019 1
Baths Methods   2002 1
Baths North America : Bruchac, Joseph,  1993 1
 

Bati Almanya -- See Germany (West)


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Bats -- See Chiroptera


Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.
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  Battered Child Syndrome -- 2 Related Mesh Subjects   2
Battered Child Syndrome   2
 

Battered Women -- See Also Spouse Abuse


Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.
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Battered Women   13
Battered Women Psychology   12
Battered Women Psychology United States   2007 1
Battered Women United States : Stark, Evan.  1996 1
Bauer Ida 1882 1945   2
 

Bayt Al Maqdis -- See Jerusalem


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Bcr Abl Fusion Protein -- See Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl


Translation products of a fusion gene derived from CHROMOSOMAL TRANSLOCATION of C-ABL GENES to the genetic locus of the breakpoint cluster region gene on chromosome 22. Several different variants of the bcr-abl fusion proteins occur depending upon the precise location of the chromosomal breakpoint. These variants can be associated with distinct subtypes of leukemias such as PRECURSOR CELL LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA; LEUKEMIA, MYELOGENOUS, CHRONIC, BCR-ABL POSITIVE; and NEUTROPHILIC LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC.
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Bcr Abl Fusion Proteins -- See Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl


Translation products of a fusion gene derived from CHROMOSOMAL TRANSLOCATION of C-ABL GENES to the genetic locus of the breakpoint cluster region gene on chromosome 22. Several different variants of the bcr-abl fusion proteins occur depending upon the precise location of the chromosomal breakpoint. These variants can be associated with distinct subtypes of leukemias such as PRECURSOR CELL LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA; LEUKEMIA, MYELOGENOUS, CHRONIC, BCR-ABL POSITIVE; and NEUTROPHILIC LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC.
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Beaked Whales -- See Whales


Large marine mammals of the order CETACEA. In the past, they were commercially valued for whale oil, for their flesh as human food and in ANIMAL FEED and FERTILIZERS, and for baleen. Today, there is a moratorium on most commercial whaling, as all species are either listed as endangered or threatened.
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Bears -- See Ursidae


The family of carnivorous or omnivorous bears, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost rudimentary tails.
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Beauty   5
Beauty Culture   2016 1
Beauty Culture History : Willett, Julie A.  2000 1
Beauty Culture Methods : Wells, Reggie.  1998 1
Beauty Personal Popular Works : Downie, Jeanine.  2004 1
Beauty Personal United States : Haiken, Elizabeth.  1997 1
Beauty Poetry : Larson, Katherine,  2011 1
Bechdel Alison 1960   2
 

Bechterew Disease -- See Spondylitis, Ankylosing


A chronic inflammatory condition affecting the axial joints, such as the SACROILIAC JOINT and other intervertebral or costovertebral joints. It occurs predominantly in young males and is characterized by pain and stiffness of joints (ANKYLOSIS) with inflammation at tendon insertions.
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Becker Sally : Becker, Sally.  2012 1
 

Beckwith Wiedemann Syndrome -- See Also Gigantism


The condition of accelerated and excessive GROWTH in children or adolescents who are exposed to excess HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE before the closure of EPIPHYSES. It is usually caused by somatotroph hyperplasia or a GROWTH HORMONE-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA. These patients are of abnormally tall stature, more than 3 standard deviations above normal mean height for age.
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