Includes bibliographical references (pages -261) and index.
Introduction : from clash to encounter -- The numbers debate -- pt. I. Islam and the West : mutual transformation -- Islam as stigma -- The secularization of individual Islamic practice -- The secularization of Islamic institutions in Europe and the United States : two approaches -- pt. II. The imagined community -- The absolutized community -- The virtual community -- pt. III. The reinvented community : new figures of Islamic authority in the West -- Bureaucratic and parochial leaders -- Transnational leaders and charismatic speakers -- The reformation of Islamic thought -- Conclusion : toward a reconciliation of Islam and the West? -- Appendix I: Estimates of population identified as Muslims, European Union member states -- Appendix II: American Muslim organizations -- Appendix III: Muslim umbrella organizations in Europe -- Glossary.