Eighteenth-century Russia. Political and social forces -- Russia as a great power -- The Alexandrine age. Reform and resistance -- War and peace -- The aftermath -- The gendarme of Europe. Government -- Social development -- Ideas and movements -- Foreign relations -- The tsar liberator. The great reforms -- From disenchantment to assassination -- Foreign policy -- The age of counter-reform. Government -- Social development -- Political movements -- Foreign policy -- From revolution to revolution. The days of liberty -- The age of Stolypin -- Foreign policy -- The end of the monarchy.