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Author Nackenoff, Carol, author.

Title American by birth : Wong Kim Ark and the battle for citizenship / Carol Nackenoff and Julie Novkov.

Publication Info. Lawrence, Kansas : University Press of Kansas, [2021]


Location Call No. Status
 Manchester, Main Library - Non Fiction  342.7308 NACKENOFF    Check Shelf
Description xxi, 280 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents The foundations of American citizenship -- Chinese immigration and the legal shift toward exclusion -- The legal battle over exclusion -- Who was Wong Kim Ark? -- Wong Kim Ark v. United States -- Citizenship and immigration : the next battles -- Revisiting Jus Soli : contemporary developments / coauthored with Marit Vike.
Summary "In his infamous opinion in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) Chief Justice Taney had denied that any American descended from Africans, whether free or slave, could claim citizenship. The Fourteenth Amendment's citizenship clause repudiated this principle. The Fourteenth Amendment's connection to birthright citizenship, however, is not built exclusively through the lives and fortunes of black citizens. It requires an understanding of the Chinese experience of migration to the United States, and Wong Kim Ark v. United States (1898) lies at the center of this story. Wong Kim Ark, a man in his mid-twenties who had been born in San Francisco to Chinese parents, was refused entry into the United States upon returning from a visit to China. By 1898, the strict policy forbidding most Chinese from entering the United States was well established, and Wong Kim Ark did not claim to fall into one of the narrow exceptional categories like merchant, diplomat, or student. Rather, he claimed that his birth in San Francisco rendered him a citizen. By a vote of six to two, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed. The landmark case established the principle that jus soli (geographically defined birthright citizenship) extended even to the children of US residents who were themselves barred from naturalization on racial grounds. In recent years, birthright citizenship in the United States has provoked renewed controversy. In a political moment when Americans are deeply divided over immigration, there is a special need to understand anew the history behind the longstanding principle that even the children of undocumented immigrants are citizens when they are born in the United States"-- Provided by the publisher.
Subject Citizenship -- United States.
Emigration and immigration law -- United States.
United States. Constitution. 14th Amendment.
Wong, Kim Ark, 1873- -- Trials, litigation, etc.
Asian Americans -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- History.
Chinese Americans -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- History.
Constitution (United States) (OCoLC)fst01356075
Asian Americans -- Legal status, laws, etc. (OCoLC)fst00818650
Chinese Americans -- Legal status, laws, etc. (OCoLC)fst00857270
Citizenship. (OCoLC)fst00861909
Emigration and immigration law. (OCoLC)fst00908736
United States. (OCoLC)fst01204155
Indexed Term United States v. Wong Kim Ark, 169 U.S. 649 (1898)
Genre/Form History. (OCoLC)fst01411628
Added Author Novkov, Julie, 1966- author.
ISBN 9780700631926 (hardcover)
0700631925 (hardcover)
9780700631933 (electronic publication)
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